Iris Flowers

October 18th, 2011

A Distinguished History Of Iris Flowers And Many Applications


Iris flowers are a beautiful addition to a bouquet or accent to landscaping. This amazing plant is associated with the Greek goddess who was known to be the messenger of love using the rainbow to travel to the various destinations. The name itself means rainbow, for the many colors the bloom can be found in. To the devoted, it is a symbol of eloquence.

Individuals born in the month of February claim this as the birth plant. February is considered the month of romance and as such a bouquet of iris is very romantic. For the highly traditional, individuals celebrating a 25th anniversary should be done with the use of this beautiful bloom.

It is claimed by Tennessee, France, and Florence, Italy as the signature plant of the region. The royal family of France also uses the emblem of the fleur-de-lis. Many coat-of-arms also display this design throughout history.





Other than its symbolism in history and romance, it has been used in the development of medications and perfume. Irisquinone, the anti-cancer principle, is developed from this versatile plant. The juice from the stem has been applied directly to the skin to lessen the appearance of skin spots and also mixed with wine to create a purge.

Meanings of Iris

Iris flowers

The plant is considered a sign of eloquence as well as a symbol of communication. Each color also has a separate definition associated with it. Meanings of the flower and the color of bloom can also vary by the region.

The purple bloom is one of the most commonly found and it can have meanings ranging from royalty, wisdom, or indicate a compliment. Blue blossoms are indicative of faith and hope. Those in yellow are always associated with passion, and white is considered purity. Other sentiments that are linked to this plant include peace of mind, friendship, admiration, and courage. The many meanings of iris flowers make it perfect to be given as a present or grown around the house.

Iris Care and Growth

This plant is split into two different types, the rhizome and bulbous varieties. The rhizomes are typically larger and grow from stems which lay underground. Bulbous have smaller blooms than the counterpart, and develop from a bulb placed underground.

The best soil has a slowly released form of fertilizer, such as peat moss, or compost. Areas with shading and good water drainage are excellent spots for these plants. It also does well in pots with the proper attention.

To thin out the bed or develop more plants the technique should be tailored to the type of plant. Rhizomes should be separated by the roots, while the bulbs are divided in the bulbous groups. This is best performed during the late summer.

The plants require little work. A little compost should be placed around the bed in the spring and a covering in the winter after being trimmed back. The flower should be removed after fading, and the entire plant trimmed to about 5 inches in the fall.

When harvesting the blossoms, it is important to do so carefully because the stem will become blackened from trauma. A florist is an excellent resource to learn the proper technique to prevent this from occurring. The thick leaves are also used in displays.

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